K. P. Mohanan, a co-founder of ThinQ, did his PhD in Linguistics from MIT, and has taught at the University of Texas at Austin; MIT; Stanford University; and at the National University of Singapore (NUS). He has made significant contributions to linguistic theory; he co-designed with Tara Mohanan an Inquiry-Oriented undergraduate program in Linguistics at NUS; and has worked extensively with the nature of academic knowledge and inquiry, against the backdrop of human beliefs. He joined the IISER-Pune Faculty in 2011, where he continued his work till he retired at the end of 2016.

By Tara Mohanan and KP Mohanan

An argument may make a logical conclusion given a set of premises, but the premises themselves may not be considered acceptable. Similarly, an argument may happen to reach a logical conclusion, but the reasoning used to get there may be invalid. This article explores the notions of *validity *and *soundness, *concepts crucial to reasoning and arguing effectively.

By Tara Mohanan and KP Mohanan

An argument may make a logical conclusion given a set of premises, but the premises themselves may not be considered acceptable. Similarly, an argument may happen to reach a logical conclusion, but the reasoning used to get there may be invalid. This article explores the notions of *validity *and *soundness, *concepts crucial to reasoning and arguing effectively.

By KP Mohanan

The attached documents are an example of a mathematical inquiry class. This is an example of a class which can be taken with students who are not yet ready for the rigour of proofs. It requires students to come up with conjectures after being exposed to curated examples of shapes made of a straw.

lesson plan mathematical inquiry conjecturing justifying provingBy KP Mohanan

The attached documents are an example of a mathematical inquiry class. This is an example of a class which can be taken with students who are not yet ready for the rigour of proofs. It requires students to come up with conjectures after being exposed to curated examples of shapes made of a straw.

lesson plan mathematical inquiry conjecturing justifying provingBy KP Mohanan

Mathematics is the study of possible worlds. This article explores, through examples and exposition, the nature of mathematical inquiry as well as the concepts involved in the study of mathematics, namely axioms, definitions, conjectures, proofs and theorems.

education mathematical inquiry exposition conceptual inquiryBy KP Mohanan

Mathematics is the study of possible worlds. This article explores, through examples and exposition, the nature of mathematical inquiry as well as the concepts involved in the study of mathematics, namely axioms, definitions, conjectures, proofs and theorems.

education mathematical inquiry exposition conceptual inquiryBy KP Mohanan

The attached document is a guide to preparing classroom material and scenarios for a course on Moral/Ethical Inquiry, involving the construction of moral theories. It contains examples of scenarios which can be introduced to students in order to get them to think about how they ought to live their lives.

humanistic inquiry ethical inquiry lesson plan conceptual inquiry textbook chapterBy KP Mohanan

The attached document is a guide to preparing classroom material and scenarios for a course on Moral/Ethical Inquiry, involving the construction of moral theories. It contains examples of scenarios which can be introduced to students in order to get them to think about how they ought to live their lives.

humanistic inquiry ethical inquiry lesson plan conceptual inquiry textbook chapterBy KP Mohanan

Conceptual Inquiry involves the investigation of abstract concepts such as parallel lines, species, free will and democracy. It cuts across disciplines and is important in order to understand where disagreements really exist and where words just have different meanings for different people. The attached document and the embedded playlist explore Conceptual Inquiry through case studies including parallel lines and democracy.

workshop humanistic inquiry mathematical inquiry conceptual inquiryBy KP Mohanan

Conceptual Inquiry involves the investigation of abstract concepts such as parallel lines, species, free will and democracy. It cuts across disciplines and is important in order to understand where disagreements really exist and where words just have different meanings for different people. The attached document and the embedded playlist explore Conceptual Inquiry through case studies including parallel lines and democracy.

workshop humanistic inquiry mathematical inquiry conceptual inquiryBy KP Mohanan

This article contains tasks to introduce mathematical thinking to students, including defining objects, forming conjectures, stating axioms precisely, and proving conjectures from axioms and definitions.

lesson plan mathematical inquiry conjecturing justifying textbook chapterBy KP Mohanan

This article contains tasks to introduce mathematical thinking to students, including defining objects, forming conjectures, stating axioms precisely, and proving conjectures from axioms and definitions.

lesson plan mathematical inquiry conjecturing justifying textbook chapterBy KP Mohanan

This article explores various ways of intuitively understanding negative numbers, especially the product of two negative numbers. When working with positive numbers, repeated addition and scaling are ways to understand multiplication. However, the same techniques do not work in explaining the product of negative numbers.

mathematics exposition conceptual inquiryBy KP Mohanan

This article explores various ways of intuitively understanding negative numbers, especially the product of two negative numbers. When working with positive numbers, repeated addition and scaling are ways to understand multiplication. However, the same techniques do not work in explaining the product of negative numbers.

mathematics exposition conceptual inquiryBy KP Mohanan

An introduction to the concepts of classical mechanics including Newton's laws, circular motion, and gravitation. Grounded in observation and thought experiments, this can be used as a lesson plan for middle-schoolers.

theoretical inquiry scientific inquiry lesson plan textbook chapterBy KP Mohanan

An introduction to the concepts of classical mechanics including Newton's laws, circular motion, and gravitation. Grounded in observation and thought experiments, this can be used as a lesson plan for middle-schoolers.

theoretical inquiry scientific inquiry lesson plan textbook chapterBy KP Mohanan

There are various problematic concepts which students and teachers tend to accept without thinking critically. The concept of circumscription is one such concept. This article outlines a concept clarification session on circumscription.

lesson plan mathematical inquiry conceptual inquiryBy KP Mohanan

There are various problematic concepts which students and teachers tend to accept without thinking critically. The concept of circumscription is one such concept. This article outlines a concept clarification session on circumscription.

lesson plan mathematical inquiry conceptual inquiryBy KP Mohanan

An ostensibly simple question, defining science turns out to be much harder when enough examples are taken into consideration. Astronomers do not perform controlled experiments, yet astronomy is widely considered a science. On the other hand, historians who make systematic observations about the world and make claims about the past—just as Darwin did—are not considered scientists. This article explores the scope of science as an enterprise, and re-classifies the fields of academia traditionally accepted by schools and universities.

historical inquiry scientific inquiry exposition conceptual inquiryBy KP Mohanan

An ostensibly simple question, defining science turns out to be much harder when enough examples are taken into consideration. Astronomers do not perform controlled experiments, yet astronomy is widely considered a science. On the other hand, historians who make systematic observations about the world and make claims about the past—just as Darwin did—are not considered scientists. This article explores the scope of science as an enterprise, and re-classifies the fields of academia traditionally accepted by schools and universities.

historical inquiry scientific inquiry exposition conceptual inquiryBy KP Mohanan

Providing students with the ability to justify claims is one of the basic commitments of Inquiry Oriented Education. This article explores the concepts involved in justification along with exercises and examples for students to engage with.

scientific inquiry humanistic inquiry mathematical inquiry justifying textbook chapterBy KP Mohanan

Providing students with the ability to justify claims is one of the basic commitments of Inquiry Oriented Education. This article explores the concepts involved in justification along with exercises and examples for students to engage with.

scientific inquiry humanistic inquiry mathematical inquiry justifying textbook chapterBy Tara Mohanan and KP Mohanan

Most knowledge claims about the world are inherently inexact. In quantitative research, the 'region of inexactness' is captured by confidence intervals, but can inexactness be used in qualitative research as well?

qualitative research scientific inquiry conceptual inquiryBy Tara Mohanan and KP Mohanan

Most knowledge claims about the world are inherently inexact. In quantitative research, the 'region of inexactness' is captured by confidence intervals, but can inexactness be used in qualitative research as well?

qualitative research scientific inquiry conceptual inquiryBy Tara Mohanan and KP Mohanan

An investigation into different theories of light and vision, with the goal of demonstrating the importance of engaging learners in the process of scientific inquiry instead of disiminating the currently accepted conclusions of the scientific community.

theory construction light scientific inquiryBy Tara Mohanan and KP Mohanan

An investigation into different theories of light and vision, with the goal of demonstrating the importance of engaging learners in the process of scientific inquiry instead of disiminating the currently accepted conclusions of the scientific community.

theory construction light scientific inquiryBy Tara Mohanan and KP Mohanan

A detailed introduction to various types of logics including Classical Deductive, Inductive, Speculative Deductive, Causal, Abductive and Analogical. It explores their veracity and their domain of applicability.

logic reasoning textbookBy Tara Mohanan and KP Mohanan

A detailed introduction to various types of logics including Classical Deductive, Inductive, Speculative Deductive, Causal, Abductive and Analogical. It explores their veracity and their domain of applicability.

logic reasoning textbookBy Tara Mohanan and KP Mohanan

An illustration of how to design experiments. Beginning with an observation about the hotness of chillies, siblings Miko and Jomo formulate their own hypotheses and design experiments to test each one, being careful to control for different variables.

experiment design scientific inquiry experimental inquiry dependent independent variable observational inquiry lesson planBy Tara Mohanan and KP Mohanan

An illustration of how to design experiments. Beginning with an observation about the hotness of chillies, siblings Miko and Jomo formulate their own hypotheses and design experiments to test each one, being careful to control for different variables.

experiment design scientific inquiry experimental inquiry dependent independent variable observational inquiry lesson planBy KP Mohanan

The attached document involves the construction of an Economic Theory through a series of thought experiments in a village with no money and a barter system. Students are expected to come up with laws and evaluate those laws in the light of more and more information.

economics textbook theory construction scientific inquiryBy KP Mohanan

The attached document involves the construction of an Economic Theory through a series of thought experiments in a village with no money and a barter system. Students are expected to come up with laws and evaluate those laws in the light of more and more information.

economics textbook theory construction scientific inquiryBy Tara Mohanan and KP Mohanan

What makes an undergraduate program of a university a great liberal education program is very different from what makes it a program for specialization in, say, neuroscience, philosophy, or mathematics, and both are different from what makes it great for nurturing future researchers. This article reflects on how to evaluate the quality of an educational program depending on what the program sets out to achieve.

university ranking research liberal educationBy Tara Mohanan and KP Mohanan

What makes an undergraduate program of a university a great liberal education program is very different from what makes it a program for specialization in, say, neuroscience, philosophy, or mathematics, and both are different from what makes it great for nurturing future researchers. This article reflects on how to evaluate the quality of an educational program depending on what the program sets out to achieve.

university ranking research liberal educationBy Tara Mohanan and KP Mohanan

The process of scientific inquiry begins with our observations of the world. This article explores the ways in which we can make systematic observations, and through the process of scientific inquiry, construct knowledge.

perceiving calculation counting measurementBy Tara Mohanan and KP Mohanan

The process of scientific inquiry begins with our observations of the world. This article explores the ways in which we can make systematic observations, and through the process of scientific inquiry, construct knowledge.

perceiving calculation counting measurementBy KP Mohanan

Various resources on research methodology make a distinction between Qualitative and Quantitative Research. This video seeks to clarify that distinction by looking at what is encoded into different kinds of data, and how these data can be used in subsequent analyses.

quantitative qualitative data interpretation researchBy KP Mohanan

Various resources on research methodology make a distinction between Qualitative and Quantitative Research. This video seeks to clarify that distinction by looking at what is encoded into different kinds of data, and how these data can be used in subsequent analyses.

quantitative qualitative data interpretation researchBy Tara Mohanan, KP Mohanan and Madhav Kaushish

In this episode, we are joined by Suvir Saran. Suvir is a Michelin starred chef for his restaurant Devi in New York. The focus of this episode is on thinking like a chef. However, the podcast goes far beyond that.

podcast transdisciplinarity inquiry thinkingBy Tara Mohanan, KP Mohanan and Madhav Kaushish

In this episode, we are joined by Suvir Saran. Suvir is a Michelin starred chef for his restaurant Devi in New York. The focus of this episode is on thinking like a chef. However, the podcast goes far beyond that.

podcast transdisciplinarity inquiry thinkingBy Tara Mohanan, KP Mohanan and Madhav Kaushish

This first episode is titled ‘Thinking Like a Theoretical Linguist’. In this episode John Schettman Marko, who interned with ThinQ in summer 2019 and Madhav Kaushish, a ThinQ member, will be interviewing two other members of the ThinQ team, KP. Mohanan (who we refer to as Mo) and Tara Mohanan. They are both professional theoretical linguists and educators.

podcast transdisciplinarity inquiry thinkingBy Tara Mohanan, KP Mohanan and Madhav Kaushish

This first episode is titled ‘Thinking Like a Theoretical Linguist’. In this episode John Schettman Marko, who interned with ThinQ in summer 2019 and Madhav Kaushish, a ThinQ member, will be interviewing two other members of the ThinQ team, KP. Mohanan (who we refer to as Mo) and Tara Mohanan. They are both professional theoretical linguists and educators.

podcast transdisciplinarity inquiry thinkingBy Tara Mohanan and KP Mohanan

This is the second of a series of dialogues between Rafa and his mother Samira. Samira loves troubling Rafa by asking him difficult questions. This dialogue focuses on authority vs intellectual independence.

inquiry dialogue conceptual inquiryBy Tara Mohanan and KP Mohanan

This is the second of a series of dialogues between Rafa and his mother Samira. Samira loves troubling Rafa by asking him difficult questions. This dialogue focuses on authority vs intellectual independence.

inquiry dialogue conceptual inquiryBy Tara Mohanan and KP Mohanan

Education, even the best possible kind we can dream of, won’t solve all the problems of humanity. But it surely has the potential to help us make the world better than it is. And flawed education can make it worse. This article is an attempt to diagnose the failure of modern education to address a configuration of natural weaknesses in the human mind and society and suggest a solution.

inquiry critical thinking critical understanding deep understanding education integrationBy Tara Mohanan and KP Mohanan

Education, even the best possible kind we can dream of, won’t solve all the problems of humanity. But it surely has the potential to help us make the world better than it is. And flawed education can make it worse. This article is an attempt to diagnose the failure of modern education to address a configuration of natural weaknesses in the human mind and society and suggest a solution.

inquiry critical thinking critical understanding deep understanding education integrationBy KP Mohanan and Madhav Kaushish

In this series of dicussions, Mohanan and Madhav explore Conceptual Inquiry across disciplines. Conceptual Inquiry is the form of inquiry concerned with the meanings of concepts and aims at answering questions such as 'what should we mean by 'x'?'

inquiry concept clarification conceptual inquiryBy KP Mohanan and Madhav Kaushish

In this series of dicussions, Mohanan and Madhav explore Conceptual Inquiry across disciplines. Conceptual Inquiry is the form of inquiry concerned with the meanings of concepts and aims at answering questions such as 'what should we mean by 'x'?'

inquiry concept clarification conceptual inquiryBy KP Mohanan

Intellectual skepticism ought to be one of the most important aspects of our education system. Our experiences in the education system show us that this is not the case. In this talk, Mohanan explores what education aiming at rational skepticism would look like.

talk skepticism educationBy KP Mohanan

Intellectual skepticism ought to be one of the most important aspects of our education system. Our experiences in the education system show us that this is not the case. In this talk, Mohanan explores what education aiming at rational skepticism would look like.

talk skepticism educationBy KP Mohanan and Madhav Kaushish

An understanding of representations and representational systems is crucial for anybody looking to understand or create knowledge. In this first video, Mohanan and Madhav go over various different types of representational systems.

representation inquiry classificationBy KP Mohanan and Madhav Kaushish

An understanding of representations and representational systems is crucial for anybody looking to understand or create knowledge. In this first video, Mohanan and Madhav go over various different types of representational systems.

representation inquiry classificationBy Tara Mohanan and KP Mohanan

The concept of analogy is extremely useful in academic inquiry. Yet, it is often overlooked in education. This article explores the concept in relation to cells, humans, nations, and the planet.

analogy transdisciplinarity educationBy Tara Mohanan and KP Mohanan

The concept of analogy is extremely useful in academic inquiry. Yet, it is often overlooked in education. This article explores the concept in relation to cells, humans, nations, and the planet.

analogy transdisciplinarity education